What is required, in particular, is to make more explicit the recognition that institutionalization is an ongoing, circular, systemic process, and not an open-ended chain of events with clear-cut antecedents and consequences. From a systems view, we might see it as a feedback, or pseudo-feedback, process that contains both negative (stabilizing or rigidifying) elements and positive (structure-elaborating, or increasingly disorganizing) features. (See Figure 5-1) As some of the newer views are beginning to suggest, such closure is essential for a fully dynamic model of the sociocultural system. In one way or another, the point is being made that institutional structures help to create and recreate themselves in an ongoing developmental process. The modern systems perspective is providing conceptual tools that are taking the mysticism out of the notions of „immanent change“ and the harboring of „seeds“ of an institution’s own destruction–or construction. Whether directly inspired by the modem perspective or not, current theory is moving in similar or compatible directions.