Organized anarchies

Problematic preferences
Unclear technology
Fluid participation

Cohen, Michael D.; March, James G. & Olsen, Johan P. (1972). A Garbage Can Model of Organizational Choice. Administrative Science Quarterly, Vol. 17, No. 1 (Mar., 1972). Thousend Oaks, CA

Organized anarchies are organizations characterized by problematic preferences, unclear technology, and fluid participation. Recent studies of universities, a familiar form of organized anarchy, suggest that such organizations can be viewed for some purposes as collections of choices looking for problems, issues and feelings looking for decision situations in which they might be aired, solutions looking for issues to which they might be an answer, and decision makers looking for work.